Mountainous ethnic minorities preserve Then singing

(VOVWORLD) - Then singing, an important aspect of the Tay, Nung, and Thai culture, has been named to the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. People in Vietnam’s northern mountains say that the old Then melodies have a special attraction. The preservation and promotion of Then singing is a major concern of Then artists.

Mountainous ethnic minorities preserve Then singing - ảnh 1People’s Artisan Ha Thuan teaches Then to children. (photo:

People’s Artisan Ha Thuan of Tuyen Quang province has devoted his life to singing and teaching Then. At the age of 80 he still remembers by heart several stories about the old Then melodies of the Tay.

Thuan said that in the past shamans sang Then at ceremonial rituals for families in the village. When he was little, he often followed senior villagers to worshiping rituals and the Then singing he heard imprinted itself on his heart and mind.

Thuan still spends most of his time collecting and teaching ancient Then melodies to young people. “There was a time when people said Then was superstition. I’m very happy that UNESCO now recognizes its value. I’m trying to preserve the cultural identity of our group by teaching young people. I tell them that, just as I’m teaching them now, they will teach even younger people so as to preserve Then forever,” said Thuan.

The Tinh gourd lute is the main musical instrument used in a Then singing session, along with hand-held fans. The melody of the Tinh lute accompanying the Then lyrics is considered a thread that connects the community.

Nguyen Ngoc Anh and her friends agree that Then is very attractive and they are determined to learn it.

“I love to hear granda playing the Tinh and singing. I’ve been learning Then for a long time and I can sing and play the Tinh quite well,” Ngoc Anh said.

“I went to Mr. Thuan’s class because I love my group’s culture and want to learn more,” a Tay girl said.

“I can sing Then and play the Tinh. I learned from my friends before attending Mr. Thuan’s class to improve my skills. I’m a Tay girl and I want to learn more Then songs.”

Where there are Tay, Thai, and Nung people, there is Then singing and Then rituals.

Mountainous ethnic minorities preserve Then singing - ảnh 2Artisan Chu Van Thach of Tuyen Quang province (

Ancient people who lacked scientific knowledge used Then to explain human relations with other humans and with nature, and to express their hope, faith, and trust in the face of adversity.  

Artisan Ha Ngoc Cao of Chiem Hoa district says that Then reflects the wellspring of creativity and cultural life and speaks to the group’s origins.

“Then teaches people to work and live morally with respect toward their ancestors and parents, guides them to do good deeds and live a good life, and makes them reflect on their wrongdoings. We have a class for children 8 or older and a class for people over 60. We hope the leaders will create additional classes in the future,” said Cao.

In addition to community classes, Then artisans conduct classes online. Artisan Chu Van Thach of Tuyen Quang province said: “I’ve taught many Then classes both in person and online. Some of my students are now teaching others.”

Artisan Nguyen Xuan Huu of Ha Giang province said: “I’m teaching some online classes for people living in other places, like Ho Chi Minh City. When I posted the videos on YouTube, foreigners in California and Germany started using them to learn Then. I’m proud that I can spread my love of Then to people overseas.”